You spine is made up of discs and vertebrae that stack up on top of each other. The discs between the vertebrae are made up of the annulus, which is the outer portion of the disc, and the inner or nucleus of the disc, which is made of a soft, rubbery material. When the nucleus ruptures and seeps through a crack in the outer exterior, it called a herniated disc. The nucleus makes its way to the outside through a damaged opening in the annulus.
A herniated disc is also referred to as a ruptured disc or a slipped disc and can occur anywhere along the spine. The herniated disc can cause pain symptoms if it puts pressure on nearby nerves. Weakness, a tingling sensation, numbness, and pain are common symptoms of a herniated disc.
An important thing to note is that these symptoms are not necessarily localized to the place where the herniated disc exists. Depending on where the herniated disc develops along the spine, these symptoms can be felt in various parts of the body. For example, if the herniated disc develops in the top part of your spine, you may feel symptoms in your shoulders or arms. If the herniated disc develops in the lower part of your spine, you may feel symptoms in the lower back, legs, and feet.
Here are different types of spinal herniations.
A disc protrusion refers to a herniated disc in which the inner nucleus protrudes outward but forms an outpouching in which it remains intact. The protrusion can press against nearby nerves and cause symptoms. If left untreated, a disc protrusion can get worse. In some cases, it can stay in this state and not progress to other types of herniations.
A disc extrusion is the next step in advancement following disc protrusion. The inner nucleus squeezes out of the annulus but is still connected to the disc itself. A disc extrusion can cause inflammation and swelling as the inner nucleus often triggers an immune response in the body.
A disc sequestration refers to a herniated disc in which the inner nucleus seeps out and completely separates from the outer disc. A disc sequestration is also referred to as a free fragment. The released inner nucleus can travel to other parts of the spine before it settles, causing symptoms anywhere in the body.
Disc Herniation Diagnosis and Treatment in Boca Raton, Florida
If you believe you have a herniated disc, it’s best to have a doctor examine you and give you an accurate diagnosis. Based on the type of herniation you have, you could need treatment.
The experts at Kamerlink Pain Institute treat all types of herniated discs and help patient with interventional pain management. For more information or to schedule an appointment with Dr. Jonathan Kamerlink call (561) 404-7667.
Dr. Kamerlink specializes in the treatment of spine conditions. If you’re experiencing pain in the lower back or anywhere along the spine, buttocks or legs, we can help you find relief.